In 2019, Corvinus University of Budapest was among the institutions that decided to take on the government’s invitation to allow it to operate as a public trust in the future.
Today, five universities — the University of Technology, ELTE, the Academy of Music, the Hungarian University of Fine Arts and the National University of Public Service — and one college in Baja remain in public hands.
The non-state universities enjoy more freedom in their management and have autonomy in a number of issues concerning their training.
For example, from 2023 they will be able to:
- Decide if students must have an advanced baccalaureate for BA and master’s degree courses
- Set a minimum score below which no one may be admitted to the institution
- Say exactly what performance can earn students extra points
- Organize their own entrance exams
Previously, centrally determined study averages and credit numbers per field of study were used to decide who could keep their tuition-free state scholarships and who would be reclassified for paid courses, but now institutions can decide on reclassification. However, for the six remaining state-run institutions, the ministry will continue to decide on this issue.
The cabinet has also recently left it up to the higher education institutions to decide on the language examination requirements for the diploma.