Culture & Art

6,000-year-old gold archaeological finds in Hungary

Archaeologists at the Herman Ottó Museum in Miskolc have discovered unusual objects during the excavation of a cemetery from the Copper Age.

Archaeologists have been working in the area of ​​the Bükkábrány lignite mine where 7-million-year-old trees were found in 2007. The excellent geographical features of the region have favored the settlement of people for thousands of years. The former settlements and cemeteries of many archeological periods have already been excavated here, including the most recent 34-grave cemetery, which included special treasures from four tombs.

The cemetery belonged to the Copper Age, and the inhabitants of the area are thought by specialists to be from the Bodrogkeresztúr culture. No written documentation has been found, only objects these people may have used. This community from around BC 4,000 already used copper tools and was among the first to wear gold jewelry in the Carpathian Basin.

More than a dozen gold objects were found in the three women’s tombs excavated in the area of ​​the Bükkábrány mine, primarily pendants, which may once have been part of a headdress. These are among the most beautiful specimens known to date due to their design.

A unique feature of the recently unearthed cemetery is that one tomb of a prestigious man contained no gold objects; it did have a cracked stone blade, a polished stone ax and a 2-pound copper pick. He may have used the last as a kind of scepter rather than as an actual tool. These four tombs show the wealth of distinguished individuals in the community. The objects must have held a high prestige value, as gold was still a rarity.

Some of the discovered gold objects were presented by archaeologist Attila Németh on the YouTube channel of the archaeological museum.

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